Wisdom Tooth Extraction
A wisdom tooth is the last tooth to erupt and is named so because, by the time it emerges, the person becomes wiser. A wisdom tooth may cause pain and great distress when it starts erupting. The reason may be due to its angled or tilted eruption, lack of space or inability to maintain proper oral hygiene. If you are experiencing pain due to your wisdom tooth and looking for undergoing extraction, then here mentioned are all the things that may help you understand about the procedure, time, cost and recovery of wisdom tooth extraction.
What are wisdom teeth? Why do people get it removed?
Wisdom teeth eruption can be seen in the teenage years once an individual reaches puberty. The wisdom tooth erupts at the end of your mouth behind the second molars when an individual reaches an age of 18-25 years. In most of the cases, due to lack of space and crowded mouth, it becomes challenging for the third molars to develop normally. When these teeth come out, it may cause immense and unbearable pain, resulting in people to have them removed.
Wisdom teeth are the third molar teeth present at the end of one or more quadrants of the dentition. Some people may not have any wisdom teeth in their mouth, while others may have one or more wisdom teeth each on one side. In some circumstances, it is required to remove the wisdom teeth. One of the most common cases where wisdom teeth removal is required is angled eruption where the teeth erupt at an angle rather than in parallel direction to the adjacent teeth. This leads to enhanced pain and difficulty in oral hygiene in a specific area. Sometimes, wisdom teeth removal procedure is also required when pericoronitis (inflammation of the tissue around the third molar) occurs around the wisdom teeth and when there is no adequate space for the wisdom teeth to come out in the oral cavity.
What to Expect Before undergoing Surgery?
If you are advised to undergo a surgery for wisdom tooth extraction, try consulting a top dentist to understand the procedure, recovery, cost and other things, regarding wisdom tooth extraction. Also, let your surgeon know about your medical history, prescribed medications, or other supplements that you are taking. It is important to note that the wisdom teeth removal cost in Delhi may vary depending upon fees of the surgeon, complexity of the case, overall medical health etc.
What happens during wisdom tooth extraction procedure?
Once you are ready for the wisdom tooth extraction, your doctor will first sedate the area by giving you local anaesthesia to ensure a comfortable and pain-free experience. After sedating the area, your surgeon will first expose the wisdom tooth by cutting the gums covering the interface between the crown and roots of the tooth. Thereafter, your surgeon may also try to remove or cut the bone blocking your tooth. If needed, the tooth is cut into sections or pieces and removed one by one by the surgeon. After the extraction is complete, the socket is covered immediately with a sterile gauze piece to control bleeding. Lastly, your doctor will safely stitch the wounds and close it so that they heal quickly.
The whole process of wisdom tooth extraction may take around 45-60 minutes to complete. However, the time taken may vary with the complexity of the case. You may be allowed to leave on the same day after the surgery and post-operative instructions. You will be advised not to eat or drink extremely hot food until the effect of anaesthesia is gone. After your surgery, it is normal to experience a little pain in the area, which will subside on its own. The doctor may prescribe you pain-killers or anti-inflammatory medication to reduce pain and swelling that might occur after the surgery in the next 3-5 days. Complete recovery can be observed after a few weeks of the surgery. For faster recovery and healing, follow all the post-operative instructions sincerely.
What is the recovery time after Wisdom tooth extraction?
In general, the time needed for complete recovery after wisdom tooth removal procedure is 3-6 days. Once the effect of anaesthesia is gone, the person may find difficulty in opening his/her mouth. But the condition starts improving when the patients start taking required precautions after the tooth removal and follows the dentist’s advice.
Some tips that can help you recover faster are listed below:
- Applying moist heat to your jaws may provide relief from the jaw pain.
- For the first few days eat liquid or semi-solid foods, to avoid exertion near the wound.
- Do not brush the near around the wisdom tooth socket for a few days after the surgery.
- Drink plenty of fluids
- Maintain good oral hygiene
- Try some jaw opening exercises
- Take all the medications on time to help ease pain or swelling.
- Quit smoking.
When to call your doctor?
Wisdom tooth extraction may not usually cause any serious side effects or adverse reaction. However, in certain conditions where you experience fever, chills, worsening of pain which is not relieved by medication. You may also get infection and pus oozing out from the extraction, bad taste in the mouth and numbness in the area. This is when it becomes important to call your dental doctor at the dental clinic in Greater Kailash immediately. Sometimes, these symptoms may indicate nerve damage or infection while in rare care, it may indicate serious complications which may require immediate medical attention.
Numerous clinics in Delhi offer wisdom tooth extraction. You need to consider all the facts and check with your doctor in case you have any concern for wisdom tooth extraction or root canal treatment in Greater Kailash. Your dental surgeon will ensure the best possible treatment for you to help you get rid of the debilitating tooth pain.
Frequently Asked Questions
1. What are Wisdom Teeth?
Wisdom teeth are the last set of teeth that emerge from the back of your gum and are four in number (one in each corner). Similar to other molar teeth, they also help grind food and soften them. However, some people have wisdom teeth that do not cause any problems. For others, due to compact oral space, wisdom tooth create issues and need to be treated by a dentist.
2. What age do wisdom teeth come in?
Off all the teeth that have grown completely and become functional, wisdom teeth are the last to erupt out from your gums. Thus you can see those wisdom teeth emerge at 17 to 25 years old. By the age of 28 years, all sets of teeth have become fully mature. At this time, your gum is covered with teeth; in many cases, there will not be enough space for the wisdom tooth to pop out. The result is an infection, pain, swelling, and bleeding gums in the wisdom tooth area, which affects your daily activity.
3. How do I know if I have wisdom teeth?
Due to the location of the wisdom tooth, it is difficult to observe it visually. Hence, the dentist suggests X-rays of the teeth, which is the first indication showing your wisdom teeth. This way, you will also know if the wisdom tooth is developing and if it will emerge from the gum.
4. How long does it take to recover from removing wisdom teeth?
For healthy individuals, wisdom tooth removal is an outpatient procedure, and you can leave the clinic the same day. The normal daily activity can be resumed a day or two after the surgery, but a few precautions need to be taken during the recovery time, such as:
- Avoiding strenuous exercise
- Avoiding smoking
- Avoiding spitting
- Avoid drinking from a straw
5. What is the main problem with wisdom teeth?
For some, wisdom teeth emerging does not cause any issues, while for others, they can cause dental problems such as:
- impaction (wisdom tooth pushes into the gum or another tooth)
- Tooth decay and infection
- Pain and difficulty chewing
- Bad breath
Wisdom tooth removal is a minor surgery unless you have any other medical conditions such as heart disease. In that case, you may have to consult with your dentist for some preventive measures.