A person’s oral health is more vital than one may think. An orally healthy person reflects a charismatic persona, as the smile would attract many! Today in this article, we are going to discover more about how oral, dental, and periodontal conditions can influence overall. 


Let us first learn about periodontal health, diseases, and treatments today!


Understanding periodontal disease:


Periodontal disease, often known as gum disease, occurs whenever an infection causes inflammation of the gums and loss of the periodontal ligament and supporting bone. 

Teeth can weaken and drop out in advanced stages due to gum mobility and bone resorption.


Phases of periodontal disease:


The periodontal disease worsens with time if not taken care of in an early stage. The patient must be aware of all the phases to avoid complex dental issues. Detailed out stages are discussed as follows:



Gingivitis, or gum inflammation, is the precursor of periodontitis. 

Among the first indicators of periodontitis is bleeding gums while brushing or flossing the teeth. The patient may also observe some tooth discoloration. This is known as a plaque. Plaque is a bacterial and food detritus deposit on the teeth. Microbes always exist in your mouth, but they only become damaging when such circumstances permit them to multiply rapidly. 

If the patient doesn’t brush regularly or delays dental cleansing, this could occur.


Periodontitis in its early stages

Periodontitis causes your gums to recede or pull away from the teeth and small spaces to form between the gum tissue in the initial phases. These spaces are a breeding ground for pathogens. 

As the immune system fights the infection, the gum tissue begins to retreat. The patient is most likely to bleed during brushing and flossing.


Moderate severity

If moderate periodontitis is allowed to worsen, patients may endure bleeding, inflammation, and gingival shrinkage. The teeth will begin to weaken and lose bone support. In addition, the disease may cause an inflammatory response through the body. 


Advanced severity

The fibrocartilage that supports the teeth begins to degenerate in the severe stage. 

The gums, bones, and other supporting tissue for the teeth are damaged. The patient 

 could have significant discomfort while biting, severe halitosis, and a nasty taste in the mouth. And the patient is most likely to lose teeth as well!


Some early symptoms: 

The symptoms vary depending on the stage of the disease. However, they commonly include:

Bleeding gums while cleaning the teeth


Tooth dispositioning

Gums shrinking

Inflammatory gums

Tartar buildup on the teeth

Uncomfortable chewing

Tooth decay

A generalized inflammatory response across the body


The above discussed are some of the common symptoms that a patient can rectify at home in the first place. These indications could help them see a dental surgeon in no time. 


General treatments for periodontal disease: 


Oral care procedures


The dental care staff will teach you how to lower the number of bad bacteria, including cleaning the teeth and gums. The orthodontist will instruct the patient on how to use toothbrushes correctly, dental floss, and other oral hygiene products such as a glass pick or mouthwash.


Here are a few pointers to help the patient maintain good oral health:


Clean the teeth with fluoridated toothpaste twice a day.

Consider using an electric toothbrush, which is more likely to be effective.

To facilitate the removal, floss at least once a day.

Visit the dentist for a professional cleaning at least twice a year.

Avoid smoking or chewing tobacco.


Cleanings performed by professionals


During a professional cleaning, your dentist will remove plaque and tartar from the teeth and their roots, gloss them, and fluoride them. Periodontal pockets that have been created may necessitate thorough cleaning in order for recovery. Scaling with root planing, a deep cleaning treatment, will assist peel out tartar as well as eliminating any uneven places on the dental crown where microorganisms prefer to accumulate.



In rare circumstances, the dentist will prescribe antibiotics to treat persistent gum infections that have not improved by cleanings. The antibiotic could come in the form of a mouthwash, gel, tablet, or pill used orally.


Treatments for Advanced Periodontal disease:


If non-surgical therapy and proper dental hygiene are ineffective, surgical intervention may be required.


Flap surgery

A dental expert performs flap surgery to remove calculus from deep cavities or to shrink the size of the gap so that it is simpler to keep clean. The tartar buildup is removed once the gums are lifted back. The gums are then sutured back into place so that they are as close to the tooth as possible. The gums will recover and form a snug fit around the tooth after surgery. 

In rare circumstances, the teeth may appear longer than they were previously.


Bone and tissue grafts

This surgery aids in the regeneration of destroyed bone or gum tissue. To promote bone regeneration, newly natural or synthetic bone is inserted where the bone was removed.


GTR or Guided tissue regeneration 


GTR is a surgical method that uses barrier membranes to control the creation of new bone and gum tissue at locations in which both are missing. Its goal is to rebuild tissue and mend abnormalities caused by periodontitis. During this surgery, a thin piece of mesh-like material is put between the gum tissue and bone. This prevents the gum from expanding into the bone gap, allowing the bone and connective tissue to regenerate. The dentist may also employ special proteins, known as tissue factors, to assist the body in spontaneously regrowing bone. The dentist may recommend a soft tissue graft. Taking tissue from some other part of the mouth or applying synthetic material to cover exposed tooth roots are both options.


Periodontal vs. Gingivitis: 


Patients often get confused between periodontal disease and gingivitis, therefore delaying treatment. Understanding the above-discussed symptoms, it could be drawn out that both the diseased conditions are similar. Rather say, one of them is an advanced stage of the other. So, letting the patient learn more about it, we proceed after that. 


Gingivitis develops before periodontitis. It usually refers to gum inflammation, whereas periodontitis is gum disease with tissue, bone, or deterioration of both. Gingivitis occurs when microbial plaque collects on the tooth’s enamel, causing the gums to become swollen and painful. Cleaning the teeth could cause bleeding. The gums are inflamed and irritated, but the teeth are not loose. There is no permanent harm to the bone or surrounding tissue. Gingivitis can lead to periodontitis if left untreated.


Periodontitis occurs when the gums and bones move away from the teeth, resulting in huge pockets. Food leftovers accumulate in the gaps between the gums and the teeth, infecting the area. As buildup creeps beyond the gum line into the pockets, the immune system assaults microorganisms. Because of the toxins created by the bacteria, the bone and connective tissue that hold the tooth begin to deteriorate. Teeth become brittle and may fall off. The modifications may be irrevocable. If you have a periodontal disease then visit Smileoralces Multispeciality Dental Clinic the Best Dental Clinic in Greater Kailash.


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